What is a pulmonary vein isolation (a type of AF ablation)?

Atrial fibrillation is a very common disorder. It causes palpitations, shortness of breath, and dizziness, and critically it can lead to a stroke. There are many different types of treatment, one of which include a type of ablation called pulmonary vein isolation. 

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What is a stress echocardiogram (stress echo)?

A stress test is designed to see whether you may have an issue with the blood supply to your heart, called ischaemia.  They are different types of stress test – a stress echocardiogram involves performing an ultrasound of your heart (an echo), then putting your heart under a form of stress and repeating the ultrasound, then comparing the images to see if the heart muscle pumps differently at rest and when it is working hard.

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